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Basic Number in Japanese

One of the basics that we have to know about Japanese, is number. This basic is very important, because in our life we always use number in counting, shopping, selling, and everything else. Without further do, let’s jump into lesson.

  • Basic
Numbers Kanji Kana Romaji
0 ゼロ Zero
れい Rei
1 いち Ichi
2 Ni
3 さん San
4 よん Yon
Shi
5 Go
6 ろく Roku
7 なな Nana
しち Shichi
8 はち Hachi
9 きゅう Kyuu
Ku
10 じゅう Juu
  • Dozens
Numbers Kanji Kana Romaji
11 十一 じゅういち Juu Ichi
12 十二 じゅうに Juu Ni
13 十三 じゅうさん Juu San
14 十四 じゅうよん Juu Yon
15 十五 じゅうご Juu Go
16 十六 じゅうろく Juu Roku
17 十七 じゅうなな Juu Nana
18 十八 じゅうはち Juu Hachi
19 十九 じゅうきゅう Juu Kyuu

Easy way to undertand :

  • 13 = 10 + 3 = Juu + San = Juu San
  • 17 = 10 + 7 = Juu + Nana = Juu Nana
  • 19 = 10 +9 = Juu + Kyuu = Juu Kyuu
  • Tens
Numbers Kanji Kana Romaji
10 じゅう Juu
20 二十 にじゅう Ni Juu
30 三十 さんじゅう San Juu
40 四十 よんじゅう Yon Juu
50 五十 ごじゅう Go Juu
60 六十 ろくじゅう Roku Juu
70 七十 ななじゅう Nana Juu
80 八十 はちじゅう Hachi Juu
90 九十 きゅうじゅう Kyuu Juu

Easy way to undertand :

  • 50 = 5 x 10 = Go + Juu = Go Juu
  • 80 = 8 x 10 = Hachi + Juu = Hachi Juu
  • 63 = 6 x 10 + 3 = Roku + Juu + San = Roku Juu San
  • 79 = 7 x 10 + 9 = Nana + Juu + Kyuu = Nana Juu Kyuu
  • Hundreds
Numbers Kanji Kana Romaji
100 ひゃく Hyaku
200 二百 にひゃく Ni Hyaku
300 三百 さんびゃく San Byaku (*)
400 四百 よんひゃく Yon Hyaku
500 五百 ごひゃく Go Hyaku
600 六百 ろっぴゃく Rop Pyaku (*)
700 七百 ななひゃく Nana Hyaku
800 八百 はっぴゃく Hap pyaku (*)
900 九百 きゅうひゃく Kyuu Hyaku

Easy way to undertand :

  • 500 = 5 x 100 = Go + Hyaku = Go Hyaku
  • 200 = 2 x 100 = Ni + Hyaku = Ni Hyaku
  • 420 = (4 x 100) + (2 x 10) = Yon + Hyaku + Ni + Juu = Yon Hyaku Ni Juu
  • 543 = (5 x 100) + (4 x 10) + 3 = Go + Hyaku + Yon + Juu + San = Ho Hyaku Yon Juu San

(*) è irregular

  • Thousands
Numbers Kanji Kana Romaji
1,000 せん Sen
2,000 二千 にせん Ni Sen
3,000 三千 さんぜnん San Zen (*)
4,000 四千 よんせん Yon Sen
5,000 五千 ごせん Go Sen
6,000 六千 ろくせん Roku Sen
7,000 七千 ななせん Nana Sen
8,000 八千 はっせん Has Sen (*)
9,000 九千 きゅうせん Kyuu Sen

Easy way to undertand :

  • 5000 = 5 x 1000 = Go + Sen = Go Sen
  • 2000 = 2 x 1000 = Ni + Sen = Ni Sen
  • 4200 = (4 x 1000) + (2 x 100) = Yon + Sen + Ni + Hyaku = Yon Sen Ni Hyaku
  • 5430 = (5 x 1000) + (4 x 100) + (3 x 10) = Go + Sen + Yon + Hyaku + San + Juu = Ho Sen Yon Hyaku San Juu

(*) è irregular

  • Tens of thousands
Numbers Kanji Kana Romaji
10,000 一万 いちまん Ichi Man
20,000 二万 にまん Ni Man
30,000 三万 さんまん San Man
40,000 四万 よんまん Yon Man
50,000 五万 ごまん Go Man
60,000 六万 ろくまん Roku Man
70,000 七万 ななまん Nana Man
80,000 八万 はちまん Hachi Man
90,000 九万 きゅうまん Kyuu Man
100,000 十万 じゅうまん Juu Man
900,000 九十万 きゅうじゅうまん Kyuu Juu Man

This one is little different from another language; English or Indonesian. In Indonesian or English there is no counter for 10,000, they use thousand counter. But in Japanese, 10,000 is counted in “Man” (まん). We have to be understand well in counting this tens of thousands.

Easy way to undertand :

  • 50000 = 5 x 10000 = Go + Man = Go Man
  • 20000 = 2 x 1000 = Ni + Man = Ni Man
  • 42000 = (4 x 10000) + (2 x 1000) = Yon + Man + Ni + Sen = Yon Man Ni Sen
  • Millions
Numbers Kanji Kana Romaji
1,000,000 百万 ひゃくまん Hyaku Man
5,000,000 五百万 ごひゃくまん Go Hyaku Man
9,000,000 九百万 きゅうひゃくまん Kyuu Hyaku Man
10,000,000 千万 せんまん Sen Man
90,000,000 九千万 きゅうせんまん Kyuu Sen Man
100,000,000 一億 いちおく Ichi Oku
200,000,000 二億 におく Ni Oku
500,000,000 五億 ごおく Go Oku
1,000,000,000 十億 じゅうおく Juu Oku
10,000,000,000 百億 ひゃくおく Hyaku Oku
100,000,000,000 千億 せんおく Sen Oku
500,000,000,000 五千億 ごせんおく Go Sen Oku
1,000,000,000,000 一兆 いっちょう Itchou

Please notice that in 100,000,000, the counter is changed into “Oku” (おく).

Hope it will be helpful.

-h’zent-

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